Do Buddhist Monks Do Yoga


Buddhism is an Eastern religion founded by Siddhartha Gautama, also known as the Buddha. It teaches a core set of beliefs which include the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path; these concepts provide a foundation for how to live an ethical life. To be a Buddhist monk is to lead an ascetic life dedicated to spiritual study, meditation, and service. It is believed that through such a life, one can attain spiritual enlightenment and eventually achieve nirvana.

Yoga is another Eastern practice which originated in India around 2500 BC. Like Buddhism, its primary purpose is to help individuals reach physical and mental balance”to become “one with everything””through various physical poses, breathing techniques and guided meditations. The essence of yogic philosophy may be summed up in eight limbs (or sutras): yamas (codes of moral conduct), niyamas (rules of behavior), asana (physical postures), pranayama (control over one’s breath), pratyahara (sensory withdrawal), dharana (concentration), dhyana (meditation) and samadhi (the ability to stay focused).

So do Buddhist monks do yoga? Yes! While leading lives of simplicity and dedication to studying the teachings of Buddhism, many Buddhist monks also incorporate yoga into their daily routines. In some practices such as Yogacara Buddhism – which centers on yoga – monks have even developed their own special set of yogic postures known as yogacara asanas or “yogic postures”. This helps them reach greater levels of concentration and feel more connected to all living things. Furthermore, mindful movements like those found in yoga are popular among Buddhist monastics as they help promote relaxation and self-awareness ” both important components for achieving enlightenment within one’s own practice.

Historical Context

Yes, Buddhist monks do practice yoga as a form of spiritual and physical exercise. Evidence of this is found in ancient texts such as the fourth-century Yoga-Sutra written by Patanjali and the Vyakhya Darshana written by Bhoja which suggests that yoga practices were intrinsic to Buddhism at that time. One example is the use of meditation techniques known as ‘samadhi’ which involve focusing attention on oneself, to the exclusion of all external stimuli.

This kind of meditation is mentioned in both Pali and Sanskrit sutras believed to have been written during the 3rd century BC. The later scriptures, especially those written by Buddhaghosa describe the purpose of yoga practiced within a Buddhist context: “to bring stillness to soothe the twofold path” and “to bring forth happiness from its sleep.” Today, Buddhist monks practice not only postures such as Corpse Pose (Shavasana), but also pranayama (breathing exercises) and focus work with prayer beads or Mala necklaces to enhance spiritual energy flow. They often combine these practices into a spiritual exercise conventionally referred to as Theravada Yoga.

Benefits of Yoga for Monks

A lot of Buddhist Monks practice yoga, taking advantage of its physical and psychological benefits. When an individual dedicates their life to spirituality, mental control is as important as physical strength.

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Physically, yoga can help monks stay flexible, agile, and build muscular strength. It is an excellent exercise for maintaining optimal physical health and can encourage weight loss if necessary. Additionally, the breathing techniques that come with practicing the poses can help the body be healthier by promoting proper circulation and a healthy balance in hormone production.

Psychologically, yoga has been proven to reduce stress levels through its calming effects on the brain and body. Through regular practice of mindful exercises such as the sun salutations or the practicing of specific postures (asanas), one can gain mental clarity which allows for greater focus on meditation or prayer. Furthermore, it can create an increased sense of self-awareness leading to insight into personal habits which can then be modified when necessary for someone’s own well-being. As Buddhism recommends treating yourself well before you serve others, this is a great way to do just that!

Overall, there are many potential health benefits associated with practicing yoga for Buddhist Monks. Not only does it create a stronger more capable body but also gives them peace of mind in order to stay focused spiritually over time. No matter what your reason may be for considering yoga practice it’s worth looking into if you want to dedicate yourself to a more significant lifestyle change!

Practices of Buddhist Monks

Buddhist monks often incorporate yoga into their daily practice as a form of spiritual development. Common practices include meditation, breathing exercises, stretching, and postures. Meditation is an important part of the Buddhist monk’s practice, so it has come to be closely associated with the idea of yoga in Buddhist beliefs. During meditation, monks will focus on their breath and stillness in order to find peace within themselves.

Furthermore, monks practice various forms of pranayama (breathing exercises) as well as awakening or releasing kundalini energy during meditation. Additionally, they use stretching exercises such as Asanas to increase their flexibility and balance while also strengthening their core muscles. Specific postures that are used by Buddhist monks in their yoga practice include Bhumasana (sitting on the ground), Padmasana (sitting down in a crossed-legged posture), VasishtaParvatasana (a seated forward fold), Tadasana (mountain pose), Vrikhasana (tree pose), Dhanurasana (bow pose), Savasana (corpse pose) and many more! Many of these poses are designed to aid practitioners in deeper relaxation and increased mindfulness as they slow down movement and focus on each muscle group for subtle inner awareness and development of strength, balance and stability.

Finally, many meditative practices in Buddhism involve visualizations ” create stillness through focused concentration and imagination where a specific goal is achieved: through visualization mantras are uttered or prayers are said silently all of which bring about inner potency that can eventually lead one to enlightenment.

Yoga for Monks Today

Yes, Buddhist monks do practice yoga. There is a long history of yoga and meditation being used by Buddhist monks, especially in Southeast Asia and India. In the modern era, many Buddhist monasteries are placing an emphasis on incorporating yoga into the monastery lifestyle as an aid for meditation. These practices may include short Tai Chi warm-ups, sun salutations, and longer periods of stretching to prepare for sitting meditation. Additionally, the physical exercises can become tools for deeper self-reflection when adapted from more traditional forms of yoga.

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Some monasteries are also offering retreats that focus on specific practices such as compassion meditation (metta bhāvanā) and loving kindness (maitri). Monks may also use more contemporary types of exercise to build strength and flexibility. This may include such activities as swimming or light weight training.

Moreover, many temples now offer classes on how to practice different types of pose sequences that combine breath regulation and visualizations in order to reach states of relaxation and stillness. These mindful movements promote better posture while building strength within one’s body mind and spirit self-awareness. Additionally, they may involve deliberate extension and contraction in order to develop suppleness within muscles tissues throughout the body. Doing this type of yoga prepares monks both physically and mentally for prolonged meditating sessions that aim to heighten awareness towards mental clarity and inner peace without stressing their bodies or distracting them with feelings of discomfort or tension after long periods of seated practice following physical movement classes.


While yoga is primarily associated with Hinduism and Vedic philosophy, its practices can be found within Buddhism as well. In particular, Buddhist monks have been taking advantage of the physical and mental benefits of yoga for centuries, traditionally incorporating it into their practice to support their spiritual journey. The physical aspect of yoga helps to make monks’ bodies agile and healthy while disengaging their minds from distractions which may hinder their practice. For example, meditating in a cross-legged position has been practiced by Buddhists since ancient times, helping them to develop a greater capacity for clarity and concentration while calming the mind and body. Moreover, many of the postures are considered visualizations that help to facilitate one’s relationship with the divine power within themselves.

In addition to traditional yogic poses, monk-led breathing exercises provide added balance and insight into one’s energetic system while opening up pathways of energy throughout the body. As a practice that views breath control as essential for healing the body from within, this form of yoga engages Buddhists more profoundly in connecting their physical and spiritual experiences. As a whole, these exercise strengthens endurance levels and resources for releasing tension in order to gain access to higher states of consciousness. All in all, Buddhist monks are finding that incorporating components of yoga such as breathing techniques highly beneficial for spiritual transformation.

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